Air Force Research Laboratory

AFRL is the US Air Force’s only organization wholly dedicated to leading the discovery, development, and integration of warfighting technologies for our air, space and cyberspace forces.

Tactical Training and Rehearsal Environment

TTRE was developed under a United States Air Force Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) award.

Why the need for TTRE?

Effectively training a combat pilot takes a multi-pronged approach. Pilot training can be broken down into two large areas: physical training and mental training. Live training in an actual airframe has the largest training benefit and can address physical and mental training, but is not a cost effective training solution. Large scale simulators can address physical and mental training to a lesser extent, but are not portable and are still too expensive to use as an “always available” training solution for every combat pilot in the Air Force. The Tactical Training and Rehearsal Environment (TTRE) was developed as a low cost option that provides high availability. The PC based product focuses on the decision making aspects required for the operational crews of fifth generation multirole fighters. This type of decision making can be particularly useful for pilots transitioning from previous generation aircraft to the fifth generation fighters



What is TTRE?

GameSim is developing the TTRE for the U.S. Air Force to provide a low-cost, high-value desktop training system for fifth generation fighters. TTRE focuses on the decision making aspects required for pilots of fifth generation multirole fighters by immersing them in a simulated environment where they have to make tactical decisions.This TTRE was built using Prepar3D, a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS), visual simulation platform developed by Lockheed Martin. This system was developed to assist operational crews with an additional tactical training tool that is low cost and generally accessible.

GameSim’s TTRE will support the new fused sensors, which are giving combat pilots much better situational awareness, providing a method of training for pilots that are transitioning from legacy aircraft to a fifth generation aircraft. This transition will require a shift in mindset in how a pilot tacitly deals with a situation. A lot of this shift is driven by the new sensors and leveraging them not only for a pilot’s own aircraft but, in the case of a flight lead, for other aircraft as well.

Mission Creation

TTRE includes an easy to use mission creator and editor tool. The tool allows for the creation of new mission scenarios at any location in the world using current satellite imagery for mission placement. Aircrew are able to practice a real world mission prior to flying it. To avoid the need for specially trained personnel, the tool has an intuitive user interface, giving even the least computer savvy squadron training officer the ability to modify mission content for each successive trainee. Modifiable content include the following list for both enemy and friendly AI controlled participants.

  1. Platform types (F-16, MIG-29, SA-6, etc.)
  2. Starting location
  3. Formations
  4. Tactics
  5. Weapon loadout


Mission Assessment

TTRE has an automated assessment component that presents its findings and a component that takes the same data and lays it out in an understandable way for human assessment.This mission assessment utility allows instructors to visualize the program data in order to identify where trainees (or students) are reaching points of success and failure.
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